Scrutinising the Preferences in Literature Approaches and Activities: From the Lenses of ESL Teachers

Ashairi Suliman, Melor Md Yunus, Mohamed Yusoff Mohd Nor


Literature learning is associated with language and linguistics. It serves as a means to develop language proficiency and becomes the avenue to express appreciation for cultural knowledge. However, the teaching of literature may not succeed if unsuitable approaches are employed. Therefore, it requires suitable activities to be conducted in a lesson which this study aims to examine. By employing questionnaire and interviews as the research instruments, 271 English as Second Language (ESL) teachers were involved in this study. This study discovered that using simple terms in giving explanation approach was highly preferred by the respondents besides conducting a comprehension questions activity. Further results were discussed in the paper. The interview responses consolidated the findings. To summarise, teachers should design more creative and appealing activities that suit the approaches employed as a platform to inculcate students’ interest in literature lessons.


Keyword: Literature learning; approaches; literature activities; English language; teachers

Full Text:



Adelabu, B. & Matthias, N. (2013). Survey of Methods of Teaching English and Literature among Secondary School Teachers in Benue State. International Journal of Social Science and Education. Vol. 3(3), 847- 858.

Ballentine, D. & Hill, L. (2000). Teaching Beyond Once Upon a Time. Language Arts. Vol. 78(1), 11-20.

Carter, R. & Long. M. (1991). Teaching Literature. London: Longman.

Chalikendy, M. A. (2015). Literature: A Natural Source of Teaching English in ESL/EFL Classrooms. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, Vol. 4(6), 224-234.

Chen, Z. (2012). Characteristics and Strategies of Literature Teaching in the EFL Context in China. International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering. Vol. 5(3), 35-43.

Farjana, K. M. A. (2016). Preference of the Learners towards Literature Based Materials in the Present Textbook of Classes IX and X in Bangladesh. Language in India. Vol. 12, 30 – 45.

Hussein, E. T. & Al-Emami, A. H. (2016). Challenges to Teaching English Literature at the University of Hail: Instructors’ Perspective. Arab World English Journal. Vol. 7(4), 125 – 138.

Hwang, D. & Embi, M. A. (2007). Approaches Employed by Secondary School Teachers to Teaching the Literature Component in English. Jurnal Pendidik dan Pendidikan. Vol. 22, 1 – 23.

Lim, J. W., Othman, J. & Lo, Y. Y. (2019). Implementing a discipline-specific reflective critical thinking module for Literature in English in Malaysia. Innovations in Education and Teaching International. 1-10.

Muthusamy, C., Salleh, S. M., Michael, A. S., Arumugam, A. S. & Thayalan, X. (2017). Methods Used in Teaching and Learning of Literature in the ESL Classroom and Adult Learners’ Attitude. Journal of Applied Linguistic and Language Research. Vol. 4(2), 17 – 25.

Nambiar, R. M. K., Nor, M. N., Ismail, K. & Adam, S. (2017). New Learning Spaces and Transformations in Teacher Pedagogy and Student Learning Behavior in the Language Learning Classroom. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies. Vol. 23(4), 29 – 40.

Njagi, M. W., Muriungi, C. K. & Peter, C. A. (2014). Effectiveness of Professional Development on English and Literature Teachers in Selected Schools in Tharaka-Nithi and Meru County, Kenya. American International Journal of Contemporary Research. Vol. 4(8), 142 – 148.

Novianti, N. (2016). English Literature Teaching: An Indonesian Context. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics. Vol. 6(1), 42 – 49.

Okwara, M. O., Shiundu, J. O. & Indoshi, F. C. (2009). Towards a Model of Integrated English Language Curriculum for Secondary Schools in Kenya. Educational Research and Review, Vol. 4(5), 301 – 309.

Ortells, E. (2013). Teaching English as a foreign language in Spanish secondary schools: The value of literature. English Teaching: Practice and Critique. Vol. 12(1), 91 – 110.

Padurean, A. N. (2015). Approaches to Teaching Literature in EFL Classrooms. Journal of Romanian Literary Studies. Vol. 6, 195 – 200.

Priya, T. A. & Jayasridevi, B. (2018). Integrating Translation in Classroom: Facilitating Language Skills. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities. Vol. 10(1), 118 – 127.

Rashid, R. A., Vethamani, M. E. & Rahman, S. B. A. (2010). Approaches Employed by Teachers in Teaching Literature to Less Proficient Students in Form 1 and 2. English Language Teaching. Vol. 3(4), 87 – 99.

Saka, F. O. (2014). Short stories in English language teaching. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching. Vol. 1(4), 278 – 288.

Sidhu, G. K., Chan, Y. F. & Kaur, S. (2010). Instructional Practices in Teaching Literature: Observations on ESL Classrooms in Malaysia. English Language Teaching Journal. Vol. 3(2), 54 – 63.

Suliman, A. & Yunus, M. M. (2014). A Glimpse on the Re-Introduction of English Literature in Malaysian Secondary Schools. International Journal of Languages and Literatures. Vol. 2(2), 151 – 164.

Sunardi, Akil. M., Arafah, B. & Salija, K. (2018). Looking at the Shared Conception of Teaching Literature in an Indonesian ELT Setting. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. Vol. 9(2), 316-327.

Talif, R. (1995). Teaching Literature in ESL the Malaysian Context. Kuala Lumpur: UPM Press.

Tuncer, H. & Kizildag, A. (2014). Pre-Service EFL Teachers’ Attitudes towards the Use of Literature in Practice Teaching. International Journal of Language Academy. Vol. 2(3), 170 – 185.

Violetta-Irene, K. (2015). The Use of Literature in the Language Classroom: Methods and Aims. International Journal of Information and Education Technology. Vol. 5(1), 74 – 79.

Yeasmin, N., Azad, M. A. K. & Ferdoush, J. (2011). Teaching Language through Literature: Designing Appropriate Classroom Activities. ASA University Review. Vol. 5(2), 283 – 297.

Yimwilai, S. (2015). An Integrated Approach to Teaching Literature in an EFL Classroom. English Language Teaching. Vol. 8(2), 14 – 21.

Yunus, M. M. & Suliman, A. (2014). Information & Communication

Technology (ICT) Tools in Teaching and Learning Literature Component in Malaysian Secondary Schools. Asian Social Science. Vol. 10(7), 136 – 152.

Yusof, S. M., Lazim, Z. M. & Salehuddin, K. (2017). Teacher Trainees’ Perspectives of Teaching Graphic Novels to ESL Primary Schoolers. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies. Vol. 23(3), 81 - 96.



  • There are currently no refbacks.




eISSN : 2550-2247

ISSN : 0128-5157