Corporate Governance Mechanisms, Privatization Method and the Performance of Privatized Companies in Jordan

Ahnaf Ali Al-smadi, Norman Mohd-Salleh, Izani Ibrahim

Abstract


The present study analyzes the effect of corporate governance mechanisms on the performance of privatized companies in the Jordanian market. Internal and external corporate governance are mechanisms believed to lead to the success of the privatization program. Internal factors, including ownership structure (ownership concentration and type, board members and size) and external factors (audit quality), seemingly affect performance. Different from extant research, the present study analyzes the unique Jordanian market, where close supervision of the privatization program by the royal family is common. An agency perspective, coupled with political intervention, serves as the background for the present study. Privatization methods (for example, strategic partnership versus direct sale) chosen by the said authority are believed to affect the performance of privatized companies. Two-stage least squares (2SLS) and multivariate econometric methodology are used to examine a pool of data from listed companies in the Amman Stock Exchange from 1992 until 2001. The present study finds that the government’s refusal to relinquish control has resulted in the lack of success of the privatization program in Jordan. In contrast, factors demonstrating positive effects on the performance of privatized companies include private ownership concentration; foreign non-Arab ownership; small board size; and audit quality. The strategic partner chosen by the royal family and reduced government intervention positively affects the performance of companies.

Keywords


Privatization; corporate governance; performance; Jordan; ownership structure

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/ajag-2013-4-5773

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