Lexical variations of Minangkabau Language within West Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia: A dialectological study

Reniwati Reniwati, Midawati Midawati, Noviatri Noviatri

Abstract


 

Abstract

 

Minangkabau people have a long history of migrating overseas especially to Peninsular Malaysia. They migrated to overseas with their soul, original culture and language. This study attempted to trace the Minangkabau of the language’s aspects, in particular, lexical aspect by using the theory in dialectology. For grouping variations of language is used the dialektometri’s method. Within the framework of solving the problem of research, there are three stages of the method used: 1) the stage providing data; 2) the stage analysing data; and 3) the stage presenting the analysis results. The population of this study was the whole speech Minangkabau society in the area of origin (Kabupten 50 Kota and Kabupaten Tanah Datar) and in the overseas area (Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Pahang). The sample was speech Minangkabau society in Nagari Koto Baru Simalanggang and Nagari Rao-Rao. The sample in the overseas area is a region of Rembau, Naning and Kuantan. After being done the comparison, the fourth samples show the lexical similarities and lexical differences. However, the calculation of dialecttometric method is not indicating the degree of variation at the languages and dialects level. It is only at the subdialect and different talk level. The lexical differences in overseas areas show that there has been a change. The change was caused by lingual factors and nonlingual factors.

 

Keywords: dialectology, language, lexical, migration, Minangkabau, variation


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd Jalil Borham (2010) Jejak warisan Pahang pencetus tamadun pembangunan modal insan holistik. Makalah Seminar. Dewan Astaka Universiti Malaysia, Pahang.

Abdullah Zakaria Ghazali (n.d) Sejarah ringkas Naning [Cited 12 April 2017]. Available from: www.sabrizain.org.

Adelaar KA (1992) Proto Malayic: The reconstruction of its phonology and parts of its lexicon and morphology. Pasific Linguistics, Canberra.

Asmah Omar (1985) Susur galur Bahasa Melayu. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

Asraf (1993) Politik bahasa nasional kontra politik kolonial. In: Di Sekitar Persoalan Bahasa Melayu 1957-1972. Majalah Dewan Bahasa. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

Buyong Adil (1984) Sejarah Pahang. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.

Cave Jonathan (1978) Naning in Malaka. Malaysian Branch of the Royal Chaer, Petaling Jaya.

Chew Emrys (1998) The Naning war 1831-1832: Colonial authority and malay resistance in the early period of British expansion. Modern Asian studies 32, 351-387.

Francis WN (1983) Dialectology: An introduction. Longmann, London.

Kato T (1994) The emergence of paddy field in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Studies 32, 145-172.

Khoo Kay Kim (n.d) Negeri Sembilan dan sistem politiknya [Cited 25 June 2017]. Available from: www. www.malaycivilization. ukm.my.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti (1983) Kamus linguistik. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Mohd Samsudin (2010) Pahang sekitar abad ke-19 menurut pandangan pegawai-pegawai British. Malaysian Journal of History, Politics and Strategic Studies 37, 105-121.

Muhammad Ikhlas Rosele (2015) Islamisasi awal di Pahang: Satu tinjauan teori. Jurnal Kemanusiaan 24.

Nadra, Reniwati (2009) Dialektologi: Teori dan metode. Elmatera, Yogyakarta.

Naim Mokhtar (1979) Merantau: Pola migrasi suku Minangkabau. Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Norhalim Ibrahim (1995). Negeri yang sembilan: Daerah kecil pesaka adat warisan kerajaan berdaulat. Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd., Shah Alam.

Tibbets GR (1956) The Malay Peninsula as known to the Arab geographers. The Malayan Journal of Tropical Geography, 24-33.

____ (1992) Economic Structure and Property Inheritance of Adat Perpatih”, dalam Wong, Nelliie S.L Tan dan Vipil Patel (eds) Adat Perpatih. Wintract Sdn Bhd, Kuala Lumpur.

____ (1993) Adat Perpatih, perbezaan dan persamaannya dengan Adat Temenggung. Ajar Bakti Sdn Bhd. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

Zakaria Awang Ali (1977) Latar Belakang Sejarah Perlombongan Emas di Pahang hingga 1914. Malaysian Journal of History, Politics and Strategic Studies 7, 28-144.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.