Amalan rewang dalam masyarakat Jawa di Malaysia (The practice of rewang among Javanese community in Malaysia)

Zainorinyana Jamoran Yana, Vivien WC Yew

Abstract


Abstrak

 

Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengetahui makna amalan rewang dalam masyarakat Jawa dan melihat unsur moden yang sedikit sebanyak telah mengubah cara perlaksanaan tradisi rewang ini. Selain itu, kajian ini juga melihat bagaimana pembahagian tugas dalam rewang serta mengetahui nilai rewang itu terhadap masyarakat Jawa. Kaedah kualitatif secara temubual mendalam dan pemerhatian tidak ikut serta digunakan untuk mendapat maklumat daripada lima orang Jawa yang terlibat dalam amalan rewang seperti tuan rumah, Ketua kampung, ketua masak dan penduduk kampung Lenga yang terlibat dalam aktiviti rewang. Analisis hasil kajian ini dibahagi kepada dua bahagian. Bahagian pertama mengenalpasti makna sebenar amalan rewang dalam masyarakat setempat seperti semangat melakukan kerja bergotong-royong, semangat kerjasama dan identiti masyarakat Jawa itu sendiri. Kemudian, penyerapan unsur moden dalam rewang mempengaruhi cara penyediaan makanan, masakan dan balai atau khemah khawin. Bahagian kedua analisis hasil kajian ini pula tertumpu kepada pembahagian tugas dalam warisan rewang. Tema yang dikaji termasuk aspek melancarkan aktiviti kenduri itu, membina solidariti dalam masyarakat dan menyatupadukan masyarakat yang saling bergantung antara satu sama lain. Di samping itu, antara nilai yang terdapat dalam amalan rewang ini adalah wujudnya nilai tidak mementingkan diri dalam masyarakat Jawa itu sendiri, hormat menghormati, saling muafakat dan wujud nilai perkongsian pengalaman dan emosi dalam masyarakat Jawa di Kampung Jawa, Lenga.

 

Kata kunci: amalan, Jawa, masyarakat, nilai, rewang, Malaysia

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to determine the meaning of the rewang practices in the Javanese community. Some modern elements have changed the way the implementation of this rewang tradition. In addition, this study also looks at how the distribution of tasks in the rewang and the value of the rewang to the Javanese community. Qualitative method employing in-depth interviews and non-participant observations seek information from five Javanese people involved in the practice of rewang.  They are the head of family as host, the village chief, chief cook and Lenga villagers engaged in the rewang. Analysis of the study results are divided into two parts. The first part identifies the true meaning of rewang practices in the local community such as the spirit of gotong royong, the spirit of cooperation and an identity of society itself. Then, the absorption of modern elements in rewang affects the means of food preparation, cooking and wedding hall or tent. The second part focuses on the division of tasks in rewang activity. Themes studied include the launch events for feast, building solidarity in society and community interdependence that binds each other. In addition, the values shown in the practice of the rewang is that they are not selfish in their society, mutual respect, solidarity and the sharing of experiences and inherent emotion in the Javanese community in Kampung Jawa, Lenga.

 

Keywords: practice, Javanese, society, value, rewang, Malaysia


Full Text:

PDF

References


Chin CC, Hack K (2004) Dialogues with Chin Peng: New light on the Malayan Communist Party. NUS Press.

Durkheim E (1984) The division of labour in society. Terj. WD Halls. French: Lewis Coser.

Geertz C (1973) The religion of Java. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Geertz C (1981) The development of the Javanese economy. University Microfilms International, London.

Geertz H (1983) The Java family. Grafiti Pers, Jakarta

Jay R R (1969) Javanese villagers: Social relations in rural Modjokuto. MIT Press, Cambridge.

Khazin Mohd Tamrin (1977) Orang Jawa di Selangor kedatangan dan penempatan. Jebat: Malaysian Journal of History, Politics and Strategic Studies 7, 68-97.

Mulder NIELS (1984) Individual and society in modern Thai literature. Brummelhuis & Kemp.

Nasrudin N (2009) Keunikan amalan rewang di dalam masyarakat Jawa: Kajian kes di Tanjong Karang, Selangor Darul Ehsan (PhD dissertation). Universiti Malaya.

Noriah Mohamed (2001) Jawa di balik tabir. Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi.

Sabri Said (2012) Misteri Etnik Malaysia. Art Printing Work Sdn. Bhd, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Shamsul Amri Baharuddin (2012) Modul Hubungan Etnik. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi.

Smith A (1937) The wealth of nations.

Sri Puspa Dewi (2015). Tradisi rewang dalam adat perkawinan komunitas Jawa di Desa Petapahan Jaya: Kecamatan tapung Kabupaten Kampar. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik 2, 1-14.

Syed Husin Ali (1979) Orang Melayu: Masalah dan masa depan. Penerbitan Harakah.

Yassin SM (1999) Rewang: Perpaduan tulen jiran sekampung. Dewan Budaya, 28-29.

____ [Cited 16 June 2017]. Available from: http://ptj.johor.gov.my.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.