Analisa terhadap kaedah pengulasan laporan Penilaian Kesan kepada Alam Sekeliling di Malaysia (Analysis on Environmental Impact Asessment review method in Malaysia)

Abdul Rahman Mahmud, Zaini Sakawi, Khairul Nizam Abdul Maulud

Abstract


 

Abstrak

Kualiti laporan Penilaian Kesan kepada Alam Sekeliling (EIA) merupakan suatu petunjuk penting bagi menilai keberkesanan EIA. Untuk memantau tahap kualiti laporan EIA, kaedah pengulasan laporan EIA yang lebih sistematik amat diperlukan. Aktiviti pengulasan EIA merupakan suatu mekanisme kawalan kualiti yang dapat membantu pihak berkuasa membuat keputusan yang terbaik terhadap sesebuah cadangan projek. Kajian ini memberi fokus terhadap penilaian kaedah pengulasan laporan EIA di Malaysia. Ia dijalankan melalui analisa kandungan terhadap garis panduan EIA umum dan prosedur pemprosesan laporan EIA di Malaysia. Seterusnya, satu perbandingan antara senarai semak yang digunakan dalam prosedur pemprosesan EIA di Malaysia dan senarai semak Kesatuan Eropah telah dilakukan. Kajian mendapati terdapat empat kaedah pengulasan EIA yang dijalankan di Malaysia iaitu pengulasan oleh pihak Jabatan Alam Sekitar, agensi, kendiri dan pakar. Terdapat beberapa kelemahan dalam aspek prosedur pengulasan EIA dan wujudnya potensi serta ruang penambahbaikan yang boleh dilaksanakan dalam konteks pengulasan EIA di Malaysia. Keperluan untuk menyediakan pakej pengulasan EIA yang komprehensif adalah perkara penting untuk mengukur pematuhan garis panduan dan kualiti kajian EIA. Pembentukan pakej pengulasan EIA memberi manfaat yang besar untuk mengukur prestasi amalan EIA secara berterusan di Malaysia. Ia juga merupakan langkah untuk meningkatkan kualiti proses membuat keputusan dalam aspek pengurusan alam sekitar.

 

Kata kunci: keberkesanan EIA, kualiti laporan EIA, pengulasan EIA, pengurusan alam sekitar, Penilaian Kesan kepada Alam Sekeliling, senarai semak EIA

Abstract

 The quality of the Environmental Impact Asessment (EIA) report is an important indicator for assessing the effectiveness of EIA. To monitor the quality of the EIA report, a systematic EIA review method is essential. The review procedure is a quality control mechanism that could assist the regulator to improve decision-making process. This study focuses on the evaluation of EIA review method in Malaysia. It was done through content analysis of EIA guideline and procedure in Malaysia. The checklist used in the EIA procedure in Malaysia has been compared to the EIA review checklist of the European Union. This study found that there are four EIA review methods that are currently been implemented in Malaysia, which is the DOE review, review by agencies, self-assessment review and expert review. This study has identified the weaknesses in EIA review method implemented in Malaysia and some potential areas that could be improved. There is also a need to provide a comprehensive EIA review package, which play important roles in the measurement of compliance of the guidelines and the quality of the EIA report. The formation of the EIA review package would bring benefits in gauging the performance of EIA practices in Malaysia. It is a right step in improving the quality of the decision-making process in the field of environmental management.

 

Keywords: EIA effectiveness, quality of EIA report, EIA review, Environmental Impact Asessment, environmental management, EIA checklist 


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References


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