[ms] Establishment of Health Waqf Institution (Fatih Hospital) in Istanbul in the Year 1470CE

Nur Ainul Basyirah Alias, Ermy Azziaty Rozali


The Ottoman Government which lasted for seven centuries built various infratructure for the benefit of society by utilising waqf funds. One of the waqf institutions established was Fatih Hospital which was built in Fatih Complex, Istanbul after Sultan Mehmet II founded the city in the year 1453CE. However, another statement claims that this waqf institution only functioned in treating the poor. There is even another view which states that this waqf institution gave less than satisfactory service and was only for the purpose of showing government’s wealth. This statement conflicts with another statement relating to the Fatih Complex which presents a contrasting picture to the claim. Thus, this research is conducted to study the issue relating to the history of the health institution, namely Fatih Hospital, in giving health services to society and to examine the waqf fund channelled to this health institution. This research uses a qualitative method in the form of a historical study, while data collection uses a document analysis method. Information and data collected from various sources are analysed using a deductive method. Research results find that this hospital has a specific waqf fund provided for running its operations. In addition, there are waqf documents which state the daily duties and remuneration of hospital staff. This research hopes to provide information relating to health institutions which existed in the Islamic civilization as well as give an idea of establishing waqf institutions in Malaysia.


Islamic civilization; medical; waqf hospital; Ottoman government

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