Metode Pengukuhan dan Penyebaran Ajaran Universal Sufism Inayat Khan ke Seluruh Dunia

Nozira Salleh, Faudzinaim Hj Badaruddin

Abstract


Pada zaman kini, pelbagai bentuk ajaran dan pemikiran baru telah menembusi setiap ruang kehidupan manusia secara langsung dan tidak langsung dalam pelbagai aspek sama ada dalam agama, politik dan ekonomi menerusi metode penyebaran yang pelbagai. Daripada sudut agama, muncul ajaran kerohanian yang digelar sebagai ‘Universal Sufism’ di mana ia telah diperkenalkan oleh Inayat Khan, dan ajaran tersebut berbentuk sejagat iaitu mencampuradukkan bersama beberapa unsur doktrin dan amalan kerohanian daripada Islam, Kristian, Hindu dan lain-lain lagi. Apa yang membimbangkan, ia mendapat sambutan yang baik dari hari ke hari terutama bagi mereka yang mencari dan memerlukan pengisian rohani serta amalan alternatif untuk memenuhi tuntutan jiwa mereka. Ia telah diterima bukan sahaja oleh orang-orang Barat dan bukan Islam, tetapi juga oleh umat Islam itu sendiri seperti di Indonesia, Turki dan Pakistan. Oleh itu, artikel ini cuba menerokai ajaran Universal Sufism dan memfokuskan perbincangan kepada pergerakan-pergerakan ajarannya seperti the International Sufi Movement dan the International Sufi Order sebagai agen utama dalam menyebar luaskan ajaran kerohaniannya ke seluruh dunia. Metode kajian yang digunakan dalam artikel ini adalah kajian kepustakaan dengan menganalisis buku-buku Inayat Khan seperti the Dance of the Soul (Gayan, Vadan, Nirtan), the Sufi Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan I (Way of Illumination, the Inner Life, the Soul, Whence and Whither? the Purpose of Life?) dan lain-lain lagi. Dapatan kajian mendapati bahawa ajaran Inayat Khan ini telah menggunakan pelbagai kaedah seperti penerbitan buku, risalah, penubuhan pelbagai organisasi dan laman sesawang dalam menyebarluaskan ajarannya dengan agresif dan cepat. Hal ini secara tidak langsung dibimbangi boleh mengganggu gugat kefahaman dan keyakinan umat Islam kerana kepantasan maklumatnya dan kewujudannya di mana-mana.

Methods of Effectiveness and Spread of Universal Sufism Inayat Khan to Worldwide

At present, various forms of new teachings and thoughts have been penetrated every living space directly and indirectly in various aspects of religion, politics and economics through diverse methods. From the point of religion, there is a spiritual teaching called ‘Universal Sufism’ where it was introduced by Inayat Khan, and it was a universal form of mixing with some of the elements of doctrine and spiritual practice from Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and so on. It is worried when it has been got a good response from day to day, especially for those who seek and need spiritual filling and alternative practices to meet their soul demands. It has been accepted not only by Western and non-Muslims, but also by Muslims themselves such as in Indonesia, Turkey and Pakistan. Therefore, this article attempts to explore Universal Sufism's teachings and focuses on discussions on its teaching movements such as the International Sufi Movement and the International Sufi Order as the most agent in spreading its spiritual teachings worldwide. The method of study used in this article is a literature review by analyzing Inayat Khan’s books such as the Dance of the Soul (Gayan, Vadan, Nirtan), the Sufi Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan I (Way of Illumination, the Inner Life, the Soul, Whence and Whither?, the Purpose of Life?) and so on. The findings show that the teachings of Inayat Khan have been using various methods such as publication of books, pamphlets, the establishment of various organizations and websites in disseminating their teachings aggressively and quickly. This is indirectly disregarding the disturbing sense of the Muslims and the belief of Muslims because of the speed of information and its existence everywhere.


Keywords


Metode; pengukuhan; penyebaran; Inayat Khan; sejagat; kerohanian

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ISSN 0126-5636

Faculty of Islamic Studies
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan
MALAYSIA

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