Model Nilai Cipta-Sama Dalam Sistem Pengukuran Prestasi

Hazura Mohamed, Nur Fazidah Elias, Muriati Mukhtar, Yazrina Yahya, Siti Aishah Hanawi, Ruzzakiah Jenal, Wan Azlin Zurita Wan Ahmad

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Proses peningkatan kualiti di setiap jabatan kerajaan akan dapat berjalan lancar dan berterusan dengan sokongan sistem pengukuran prestasi kualiti yang baik. Pengukuran prestasi merupakan satu kaedah penting yang menyokong keberkesanan program, membantu dalam penghasilan keputusan dan meningkatkan keberkesanan dalam komunikasi. Terdapat pelbagai faktor diambil kira dalam sistem pengukuran prestasi (SPP) sedia ada. Walau bagaimana pun, faktor sedia ada hanya bersifat kontekstual yang sesuai untuk keperluan persekitaran atau organisasi tertentu sahaja. Keadaan ini menyebabkan pembangun SPP tidak mempunyai satu model rujukan umum yang boleh dijadikan panduan untuk membangunkan SPP. Justeru satu model generik yang memenuhi keperluan ini perlu dibangunkan. Dengan menggunakan kaedah penyegitigaan berlelar yang bersandar kepada kajian kes yang diperoleh dari kajian kesusasteraan, faktor yang dikenalpasti kemudiannya dikelaskan berdasar kepada model nilai cipta-sama DART (Dialog, Akses, Risiko dan Telus). Model DART dipilih kerana ia merupakan satu model yang telah terbukti berkesan dalam menerap konsep nilai cipta sama yang merupakan satu konsep penting dalam pembangunan sistem. Model nilai cipta sama bagi SPP yang dihasilkan ini berjaya mengumpul faktor penting yang perlu diambil kira dalam pembangunan SPP.

Kata kunci: Sains perkhidmatan; nilai cipta-sama; sistem pengukuran prestasi; model DART

ABSTRACT

The process of quality improvement in every Government department will be able to run smoothly and continuously to support performance measurement system quality. Performance measurement is an important tool to support the effectiveness of the program, helps to produce results and increase the effectiveness of communication. There are many factors taken into account in the existing performance measurement system (PMS). However, existing factors are contextual in nature and are only relevant for certain environments or organizations. This situation posed a problem for PMS developers since there is a lack of a model that can be a general guideline for PMS development. Hence a generic model that fills this limitation is necessary. Using the iterative triangulation method and based on existing case studies found in the literature, the identified factors are classified based on the DART (Dialogue, Access, Risk,Transparency) value co-creation model. The DART model is chosen because it is an effective model in applying the concept of value co-creation which is an important concept in systems development. The proposed value cocreation model for PMS presents important factors that should be considered in the development of PMS.

Keywords: Service sciences; co-creation value; performance measurement system;DART model.


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