Personality Traits and Career Strategies as Determinants of Career Satisfaction

Yean Fee Tan, Khulida Kirana Yahya

Abstract


This study examined individual’s personality traits and career strategies that influence career satisfaction. Based on
social cognitive career theory and an integrated model of proactive behaviours, the study proposed that career
strategies would mediate the relationship between individual’s personality traits and career satisfaction. Data were
gathered through questionnaire survey of insurance agents (n = 531) located in the Northern States of Peninsular
Malaysia. Regression results revealed that individual’s personality traits and career strategies were correlated with
career satisfaction. Results also provided partial support for the mediating role of career strategies (interpersonal
attraction, seeking social support and self-nomination) on the relationship between individual’s personality traits
(extraversion) and career satisfaction. The findings were discussed and implications were also put forward.

ABSTRAK
Kajian ini melihat ciri personaliti individu dan strategi kerjaya yang mempengaruhi kepuasan kerjaya. Berdasarkan
teori kerjaya kognitif sosial dan model bersepadu gelagat proaktif, kajian ini mencadangkan strategi kerjaya akan
bertindak sebagai faktor perantara dalam hubungan antara ciri personaliti individu dengan kepuasan kerjaya. Data
dikumpul melalui soal selidik yang diedarkan kepada ejen insurans (n = 531) di kawasan utara Semenanjung Malaysia.
Keputusan regresi menunjukkan ciri personaliti individu dan strategi kerjaya mempunyai hubungan dengan kepuasan
kerjaya. Keputusan kajian memaparkan sokongan sebahagian terhadap strategi kerjaya (tarikan antara perseorangan, mencari sokongan sosial dan pencalonan diri) sebagai perantara antara hubungan ciri personaliti individu
(keterbukaan) dengan kepuasan kerjaya. Perbincangan tentang dapatan hasil kajian serta implikasi kajian turut
disertakan.


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