Pengurusan Kontrak Melalui Teori Remedi

Ong Tze Chin, Sakina Shaik Ahmad Yusoff

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Pengurusan kontrak berdasarkan undang-undang kontrak terikat kepada isi kandungan kontrak dalam melindungi kepentingan pihak-pihak berkontrak. Pihak-pihak berkontrak bergantung pada isi kandungan kontrak untuk melaksanakan janji masing-masing. Permasalahan timbul ketika berlakunya perlanggaran kontrak. Pihak-pihak berkontrak adalah terikat pada apa yang dipersetujui dan tertera dalam kontrak untuk mendapatkan tebus rugi walaupun undang-undang kontrak telah memperuntukkan remedi untuk perlanggaran kontrak. Namun, pihak terkilan bukan selalunya akan mendapat remedi yang diingini menurut undang-undang kontrak. Keadaan ini telah menyebabkan remedi tidak boleh berfungsi dalam menjamin kepentingan pihak terkilan. Analisis empiris dalam artikel ini mengenai pilihan remedi pengguna dalam kontrak jualan barang menunjukkan bahawa undang-undang kontrak tidak dapat menjamin pilihan remedi pengguna. Oleh itu, menggunakan pakai analisis legalistik tulen dengan pendekatan sejarah, jurisprudens serta analitis dan kritis, artikel ini menganalisis pengurusan kontrak melalui teori remedi dalam menjamin hak tebus rugi pihak-pihak berkontrak. Artikel ini memfokus pada teori remedi dalam menjamin hak tebus rugi pihak-pihak berkontrak.

Kata kunci: Undang-undang kontrak; remedi; pengurusan; hak; tebus rugi

ABSTRACT

Management of contract based on contract law is bound by the contents of the contract in providing protection to the contracting parties. Parties to the contract merely relied on the contents of the contract to fulfil their obligations as agreed. The problem arises when there is a breach of contract. The contracting parties are bound by what they have agreed in order to claim damages although contract law does provide remedies for breach of contract. However, the aggrieved party will not often get the remedies as desired. Consequently, remedies have therefore fail to function in protecting the interest of the aggrieved party. The empirical analysis in this article shows that contract law is not a champion for consumers’ choice of remedies. Hence, this article adopts the pure doctrinal method, using historical, jurisprudential and analytical and critical approaches in analysing the management of contract through theories of remedy to ensure protection of remedial rights among the contracting parties. This article focuses on theories of remedy in providing remedial rights to the contracting parties.

Keywords: Contract law; remedies; management; rights; redress


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