Undang-undang Kontrak Malaysia: Keterbatasan Pemakaian (The Malaysian Contract Law: Limitations in Application

Suzanna Mohamed Isa, Azimon Abdul Aziz, Sakina Shaik Ahmad Yusoff

Abstract


Kepesatan perkembangan ekonomi global telah membawa faedah kepada pengguna dengan keterbukaan pasaran
barangan dan perkhidmatan lantas memperkasakan hak pengguna untuk membuat pilihan berasaskan keperluan
dan kuasa membeli. Walaupun fenomena ini dilihat masih seiringan dengan pendapat Adam Smith bahawa
kepenggunaan adalah satu-satunya matlamat dan tujuan semua pengeluaran, namun senario ini secara tidak disedari
turut menimbulkan ketidakpastian tentang tahap pelindungan terhadap pengguna dalam hubungan kontraktual yang mereka lakukan. Dengan demikian, sewajarnyalah kerangka perundangan kepenggunaan bergerak sederap dengan perkembangan semasa. Di Malaysia, hubungan kontraktual dikawal selia oleh satu statut pemakaian am iaitu Akta Kontrak 1950. Penulisan ini akan mengupas tahap pelindungan yang diberikan oleh Akta ini dalam konteks kepenggunaan dengan menganalisis secara kritis kedudukan pengguna dalam kontrak bentuk seragam dan di bawah doktrin priviti dengan merujuk kepada sumber primer dan sekunder perundangan. Di akhir analisis, cadangan turut dikemukakan bagi mengatasi kelemahan Akta ini yang telah dikenal pasti.

ABSTRACT
The rapid expansion of the global economy has brought benefit to consumers with the extension of market for goods and services which in turn empowers consumers’ right of choice based upon needs and purchasing power. Even though this phenomenon appears to be in alignment with Adam Smith’s contention that the sole end and purpose of all production is consumption, this scenario may have unwittingly created uncertainty in the level of consumer protection in their
contractual undertakings. In Malaysia, contractual relations are governed by a statute of general application, the
Contracts Act 1950. This writing will delve into the level of protection afforded by this Act in the context of consumerism
by critically analysing the position of a consumer in a standard form contract and under the doctrine of privity by
referring to primary and secondary legal sources. At the end of the analysis, some suggestions are made to help solve the identified drawbacks of the statute.


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