Linking Human Resource Practices and Organisational Performance: Evidence from Small and Medium Organisations in Malaysia

Chandrakantran Subramaniam, Faridahwati Mohd Shamsudin, Hadziroh Ibrahim

Abstract


ABSTRACT
The present study attempts to provide empirical evidence on the relationship between the four main dimensions of human resource practices and organisational performance, in esponse to the call by previous scholars that the influence of specific human resource practices on organisational performance need to be further ascertained across different organisational contexts. The dimensions considered in the study are compensation, information sharing, job security and training and development. Toward this end, a survey among 84 small and medium organisations in the central region of Peninsular Malaysia was carried out. Self-reported measures were used to obtain data pertaining to human resource practice dimensions and organisational performance. Regression analyses were run to examine the proposed relationships and it was found that all dimensions except job security showed positive relationships to organisational performance, as hypothesized. Discussion on the findings is highlighted, so as the implications for practice and future research. Limitations of the study are also offered.


ABSTRAK
Kajian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan bukti empirikal tentang hubungan antara empat dimensi amalan pengurusan
sumber manusia dan prestasi organisasi, sebagai respons kepada sarjana terdahulu yang mengesyorkan bahawa
pengaruh amalan pengurusan sumber manusia yang khusus terhadap prestasi organisasi perlu dikaji dalam konteks
organisasi yang berbeza. Dimensi yang diambil kira dalam kajian ini ialah pampasan, perkongsian maklumat, jaminan
kerja, dan latihan dan pengembangan. Bagi mencapai tujuan kajian, satu tinjauan dalam kalangan 84 organisasi
kecil dan sederhana di bahagian tengah Semenanjung Malaysia telah dijalankan. Ukuran laporan kendiri telah
digunakan untuk mendapatkan data tentang dimensi pengurusan sumber manusia dan prestasi organisasi. Analisis
regresi telah dilakukan untuk meneliti hubungan yang dicadangkan dan didapati bahawa semua dimensi pengurusan sumber manusia menunjukkan hubungan yang positif dengan prestasi organisasi, seperti yang dijangkakan, kecuali jaminan kerja. Perbincangan tentang dapatan kajian dipersembahkan, begitu juga implikasi terhadap praktis dan
kajian akan datang. Limitasi kajian juga ada dibincangkan.


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