Effectiveness of Zakah in Fulfilling Daruriyat/Basic Needs and Elevating The Zakah Recipients Standard of Living to Hajiyat/Comfortable Life in The Perspective of Maqasid al-Syariah

Maheran Zakaria, Norhayati Samba Mohamad

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This study explores zakah recipients’ perceptions of daruriyat/basic needs and examines the effectiveness of zakah funds to fulfill the needs and elevate recipients’ standard of living to hajiyat/comfort living. Data were gathered from in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan (MAIK)’s zakah recipients. The data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed qualitatively by referring to daruriyat/basic needs of Maqasid al-Syariah. Results indicated that recipients perceive daruriyat needs as needs consisting of property, life, lineage and intellect. They also perceived that zakah has successfully assisted them in fulfilling the needs but has yet to elevate their life to the standard of hajiyat/comfort. Although faith is one of the Maqasid al-Syariah daruriyat elements and paramount in one’s life, none highlighted it as important. This provides useful insights to zakah agency to educate recipients on the importance of faith and rejuvenate its programs so that the recipient’s standard of living would be raised to a higher level. The goal of Maqasid al-Syariah in zakah jurisprudence will be achieved, if zakah funds successfully fulfil all the five elements of daruriyat needs (faith, property, life, lineage and intellect) and elevate recipients’ standard of living to the standard of hajiyat/comfort.

Keywords: Basic needs; daruriyat; Maqasid al-Syariah; recipients; zakah

ABSTRAK

Kajian ini meninjau persepsi penerima zakah terhadap keperluan daruriyat/asas. Kajian ini juga mengkaji kemampuan dana zakah dalam memenuhi keperluan tersebut dalam mengubah kehidupan mereka ke tahap hajiyat/kesenangan. Data dikutip melalui temubual secara mendalam dan perbincangan antara kumpulan fokus dengan penerima zakah Majlis Agama Islam Kelantan (MAIK). Data direkod secara audio, ditranskrip secara verbatim dan dianalisa menggunakan kaedah kualitatif dengan merujuk kepada keperluan daruriyat seperti yang terkandung dalam Maqasid al-Syariah. Penemuan menunjukkan responden beranggapan bahawa keperluan daruriyat/asas terdiri dari harta, nyawa, keturunan dan akal. Mereka juga bertanggapan bahawa zakah telah berjaya memenuhi keperluan tersebut tetapi belum dapat mengubah kehidupan mereka ke taraf hajiyat/kesenangan. Walaupun keperluan kepada agama adalah yang terpenting dalam kehidupan seseorang berdasarkan Maqasid al-Syariah, tiada penerima mengatakan ianya penting. Oleh itu, agensi zakah perlu memahamkan penerima zakah terhadap pentingnya keperluan kepada agama di samping merejuvenasi program agar dapat mengubah kehidupan penerima ke tahap yang lebih tinggi. Matlamat Maqasid al-Syariah dalam jurispruduksi zakah akan tercapai sekiranya zakah dapat memenuhi kesemua lima keperluan daruriyat (agama, harta, nyawa, keturunan dan intelek) dan berjaya mengubah taraf kehidupan mereka ke tahap hajiyat/kesenangan.

Kata kunci: Keperluan asas; daruriyat; Maqasid al-Syariah; penerima; zakah


Keywords


basic needs; daruriyat; Maqasid al-Syariah; recipients; zakah

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