Hubungan Orientasi Matlamat, Pemantauan Kendiri Dan Tingkah Laku Kerja Inovatif: Komitmen Afektif Sebagai Pengantara

Norulhuda Tajuddin, Rasidah Arshad, Riza Munira Shamsudin, Yusrizal Yunan Mohd Yunan

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Objektif utama kajian ini adalah mengkaji kedua-dua hubungan langsung dan tidak langsung antara orientasi matlamat dan pemantauan kendiri dengan tingkah laku kerja inovatif. Secara khususnya, dua dimensi orientasi matlamat- orientasi berasaskan penguasaan (mastery) dan orientasi berasaskan prestasi, dan pemantauan kendiri dihipotesiskan sebagai peramal kepada prestasi inovatif. Dalam masa yang sama, komitmen afektif dihipotesis bertindak sebagai pengantara bagi ketiga-tiga hubungan tersebut. Data dikumpulkan daripada 162 ahli akademik dari institusi pengajian tinggi Malaysia menerusi soalselidik. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan menggunakan model persamaan berstruktur. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan wujud hubungan langsung yang signifikan bagi orientasi penguasaan dan pemantauan kendiri dengan tingkah laku kerja inovatif. Peranan komitmen afektif sebagai pengantara pula hanya signifikan bagi pemantauan kendiri (pengantara separa) namun didapati tidak mengantara hubungan antara orientasi penguasaan dan orientasi prestasi dengan tingkah laku kerja inovatif.

Kata kunci: Orientasi matlamat; pemantauan kendiri; komitmen afektif; tingkah laku kerja inovatif

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study is to examine both direct and indirect relationships between goal orientations and self-monitoring, and innovative work behavior. Specifically, the two dimensions of goal orientation - mastery and performance orientation, and self-monitoring, were hypothesized to predict innovative work performance, and each relationship is mediated by affective commitment. Data were collected from 162 academicians from higher public education institutions through self-reported questionnaires. The hypothesized relationships were tested using structural equation modelling. The findings demonstrated the significant direct relationships between all the three predictors and innovative work behavior. The indirect relationship via affective commitment as a mediator was only found significant for self-monitoring (partial mediation); affective commitment did not mediate the relationship between mastery orientation and performance orientation, and innovative work behavior.

Keywords: Goal orientation; self-monitoring; affective commitment; innovative work behavior


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