Hubungan Amalan Pengurusan Keselamatan dengan Pematuhan Keselamatan Pekerjaan di Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia (Relationship between Safety Management Practices and Job Safety Compliance in Fire and Rescue Department Malaysia)

Chandrakantan Subramaniam, Md Lazim Mohd Zin, Siti Rohani Nadir

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menguji hubungan antara amalan pengurusan keselamatan dengan tingkah laku pematuhan keselamatan pekerjaan. Enam dimensi amalan pengurusan keselamatan adalah komitmen pengurusan, latihan keselamatan, penglibatan pekerja, komunikasi dan maklum balas, peraturan dan prosedur serta dasar promosi keselamatan. Bagi mencapai objektif kajian, sebanyak 270 set soal selidik telah diedarkan kepada pegawai bomba gred KB17 di 9 buah balai bomba di Selangor. Analisis regresi mendapati bahawa komitmen pihak pengurusan, latihan keselamatan dan peraturan, dan prosedur keselamatan mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan pematuhan keselamatan pekerjaan. Manakala faktor-faktor lain iaitu penglibatan pekerja, dasar promosi keselamatan, dan komunikasi dan maklum balas tidak mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan dengan pematuhan keselamatan pekerjaan. Kertas ini turut membincangkan implikasi dan limitasi kajian, dan cadangan untuk kajian susulan.

Kata kunci: Pengurusan keselamatan; pematuhan keselamatan pekerjaan; kemalangan pekerjaan; Jabatan Bomba dan
Penyelamat Malaysia

ABSTRACT

This study is intended to examine the relationship between work safety practices and employee compliance of workplace safety. The dimensions of work safety practices include management commitment, safety training, employee involvement, communication and feedback, safety rules and procedures, and safety promotional policies. To achieve the research objective, 270 questionnaires were distributed to the fire officers of grade KB17 from 9 fire departments in Selangor. The regression analysis indicated that management commitment, safety training, and safety rules and procedures are positively related to compliance with safety behavior. Meanwhile employee involvement, safety promotional policies, and communication and feedback are not significantly related to compliance with safety behavior. This paper also discussed the implications and limitations of this study and directions for future research.

Keywords: Security management; occupational safety compliance; occupational accidents; Malaysian Fire and Rescue
Department

 


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