Hubungan antara Pengurusan Sumber Manusia dengan Prestasi Organisasi: Kajian Empirikal Terhadap Organisasi Pembuatan di Malaysia

Tang Swee Mei, Khulida Kirana Yahya, Lim Kong Teong

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Kajian ini bertujuan meninjau hubungan pengurusan sumber manusia (PSM) dengan prestasi organisasi organisasi pembuatan di Malaysia. Sejumlah 137 buah organisasi terlibat dalam kajian ini. Hasil analisis regresi berganda menunjukkan wujud masalah multikekolinearan dalam kalangan pemboleh ubah PSM, tetapi masalah tersebut telah diatasi dengan menggunakan kaedah analisis komponen utama. Model regresi linear mudah selanjutnya dibentuk bagi menganalisis hubungan antara PSM dengan kedua-dua aspeks prestasi organisasi. Hasil analisis regresi linear mudah menunjukkan model yang dibentuk mempunyai nilai F yang signifikan pada aras keertian 0.01. Selain daripada itu, keputusan analisis regresi juga menunjukkan PSM secara kolektif menjelaskan 29.5 peratus daripada variasi dalam hasilan sumber manusia, serta 26.3 peratus terhadap variasi dalam prestasi operasi organisasi.

Kata kunci: Pengurusan sumber manusia; Prestasi organisasi; Organisasi pembuatan; Multikekolinearan; Malaysia

ABSTRACT

This study explores the relationship between human resource management (HRM) and organizational performance of manufacturing organizations in Malaysia. A total of 137 organizations were involved in this study. Multiple regression analysis results showed that there was a multicollinearity problem among the HRM variables, but this problem was resolved using the principle component analysis method. Further, simple linear regression model was developed to analyze the relationship between HRM and both aspects of organizational performance. Simple linear regression analysis results indicated that the model developed had a significant F value at the significant level of 0.01. In addition, the results also showed that HRM collectively accounted for 29.5 percent of the variance in the human resource outcomes, and 26.3 percent of the variance in operational performance.

Keywords: Human resource management; Organizational Performance; Manufacturing organizations; multicollinearity; Malaysia


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