Ergonomik dan Stres di Malaysia: Implikasi Terhadap Teori, Metodologi dan Pengurusan

Zafir Mohamed Makhbul, Fazilah Mohamad Hasun

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Penyelidikan ini bertujuan mengkaji perhubungan di antara faktor stesenkerja ergonomik dan kesan stres. Sampel seramai lima ratus (500) operator pengeluaran telah dipilih daripada sebelas (11) organisasi perkilangan elektronik yang berdaftar dengan Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MICO) dengan menggunakan kaedah persampelan rawak berstrata berkadaran. Kaedah soal selidik telah digunakan dalam proses pengumpulan data kajian into Analisis regresi berbilang menunjukkan
57.6 peratus perubahan kesan stres di tempat kerja disebabkan oleh hubungannya dengan faktor kedudukan tubuh badan, kesihatan, peralatan, kerusi, rekabenfuk ruang kerja, pengudaraan, akustik, pencahayaan, kerja
syif dan tempoh masa bekerja. Penemuan kajian ini juga memberikan bukti empirikal bahawa latihan dan P-E fit baleh menyederhanakan perhubungan antara stesenkerja ergonomik dengan kesan stres di tempat kerja.
ABSTRACT
This study aims to examine the relationship between ergonomics workstation factors and the work stress outcomes. Five hundred (500) samples of production operators from eleven (11) manufacturing electronics
organizations that registered with the Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MICCl) by using proportionate stratified random
sampling were selected. Questionnaires were used for the data collections process. The multiple regression analysis shows that 57.6 percent of the changes in stress at the workplace is due to its relationship with body
posture, health level, tools, chair, work area design, humidity, acoustic, lighting, shift work and working hour. Results also provide empirical proofs that training and P-E Fit moderate the relationship between ergonomics workstation and the stress outcomes at the workplace.


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