ASPEK KESEDARAN KENDIRI DALAM KALANGAN PESAKIT DI KLINIK TERAPI RAWATAN DADAH GANTIAN: SATU KAJIAN RINTIS DI KAJANG (Self Awareness Among Patients in Drug Replacement Therapy Clinic: A Pilot Study in Kajang)

Engku Mardiah Engku Kamarudin, Wan Shahrazad Wan Sulaiman, Norulhuda Sarnon, Aizan Sofia Amin

Abstract


Kajian tinjauan ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti aspek kesedaran kendiri pesakit yang mendapatkan rawatan penagihan dadah dengan menggunakan dadah gantian Methadone. Kajian ini dijalankan terhadap 50 orang pesakit di sebuah Klinik Rawatan Penagihan Swasta di Kajang Selangor, dan ianya dikawal selia oleh Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (KKM). Kajian ini dijalankan secara kuantitatif dengan menggunakan soal selidik. Dapatan kajian dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif yang merangkumi taburan frekuensi, peratusan, min dan sisihan piawai. Bagi mengukur aspek Kesedaran Kendiri ini, soal selidik Scale for Self-Consciousness Assessment (SSCA) telah digunakan. Soal selidik ini mempunyai 24 item dan menggunakan skala Likert 5 mata dan mengukur dua sub konstruk, iaitu Kesedaran Kendiri Peribadi (KKP) dan Kesedaran Kendiri Umum (KKU). Dapatan kajian menunjukkan, secara keseluruhannya aspek kesedaran kendiri responden mempunyai skor min yang hampir sama bagi setiap konstruk KKP dan KKU melebihi 3.00. Selain itu, dapatan juga menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang berada dalam KKP iaitu Reflektif Kendiri dan Pengetahuan Diri, serta faktor dalam KKU iaitu Penampilan dan Padanan Sosial mempunyai min yang hampir sama dan tiada faktor yang dikatakan lebih dominan. Kesimpulannya, aspek kesedaran kendiri responden adalah baik dan Instrumen SSCA mempunyai potensi besar untuk diketengahkan sebagai alat ukur psikometrik kepada sampel yang lain. Dicadangkan kajian masa hadapan meneroka lebih lanjut lagi perkaitan aspek kesedaran kendiri dengan pembolehubah yang lain seperti Keazaman atau Efikasi Kendiri bagi mengenal pasti konsep kendiri sebenar penagih-penagih dadah di Malaysia.

Kata kunci: Kesedaran Kendiri, Kesedaran Kendiri Umum, Kesedaran Kendiri Peribadi, Penagih Dadah, Rawatan Terapi Gantian

(Self Awareness Among Patients in Drug Replacement Therapy Clinic: A Pilot Study in Kajang)

The study was aimed to identify self-awareness of patients who received drug addiction treatment using substitute drugs Methadone. It was conducted on 50 patients in a Private Clinic at Kajang Selangor, under the supervision of the Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH). This study was a quantitative approached using a questionnaire. The findings were analyzed using descriptive statistics which included frequency distribution, percentage, mean and standard deviation. The Scale for Self-Consciousness Assessment (SSCA) was used to measure Self Awareness aspects. This questionnaire has 24 items and applies 5point Likert scale and measures two sub constructs, namely Private Self Awareness (KKP) and Public Self Awareness (KKU). The findings showed that the overall aspect of respondents’ self-awareness were similar in the mean values, and the means of KKP and KKU were above 3.00. Additionally, the findings also showed the factors that were in KKP namely Self Reflective and Self-Knowledge, as well as the factors in KKU namely Appearance and Matching Social have no significance differences in mean values and no factor was found dominant. Overall, self awareness of respondents were good and SSCA instrument has great potential to be promoted as a measuring psychometric instrument for other samples. It is recommended to further explore the aspect of self-awareness with other variables such as Self Determination or Self Efficacy to explore more about self-concept of drug addicts in Malaysia.

Key Words: Self awareness, public self awareness, private self awareness, drug addict, drug replacement therapy


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