The Influence of Task-based Language Teaching on Ideal L2 Self and Ought-to L2 Self among Mandarin Learners (Pengaruh Pengajaran Bahasa berasaskan Tugas kepada Ideal L2 Self dan Ought-to L2 Self dalam kalangan Pelajar Bahasa Mandarin)

HUI WEN CHUA, CHIA YING LIN, MOHAMMAD AFFIQ KAMARUL AZLAN

Abstract


The Malaysian Education Blueprint 2015-2025 (Higher Education) has highlighted the learning of third languages as one of its thrusts. However, little studies are done on the teaching and learning of Mandarin as a foreign language in the Malaysian context. This mixed-method study aimed at investigating the application of task-based language teaching (TBLT) in changing learners’ learning motivation, in terms of Ideal L2 Self and Ought-to L2 Self. This study involved 52 non-native Mandarin learners as participants. It also used a questionnaire and semi-structured interview for data collection. Findings show that overall, the non-native Mandarin learners' Ideal L2 Self and Ought-to L2 Self were always at a high level, and the application of TBLT in this study only slightly caused changes the learners' Ideal L2 Self and Ought-to L2 Self, which was their learning motivation. Besides, this study also discovered that there were two significant challenges of TBLT application, which interfered with the results of this study, which were time constraint and language knowledge requirement. This study implicates that in order to ensure the successful application of TBLT, course designing has to be thorough and detailed and takes into account the threats in the implementation of TBLT.

Keywords: Task-based Language Teaching; Ideal L2 Self, Ought-to L2 Self; Learning Motivation; Teaching Mandarin as a Foreign Language.

 

Pembelajaran bahasa ketiga telah diketengahkan dalam Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2015-2025 (Pengajian Tinggi), namun tidak banyak kajian dilakukan mengenai pengajaran dan pembelajaran bahasa Mandarin sebagai bahasa asing dalam konteks pembelajaran di Malaysia. Kajian kaedah campuran ini mengkaji penerapan pengajaran bahasa berdasarkan tugas (TBLT) dalam mengubah motivasi pembelajaran pelajar, dari segi Ideal L2 Self dan Ought-to L2 Self. 52 pelajar Mandarin yang bukan penutur asli dipilih sebagai peserta. Soal selidik dan temu bual separa berstruktur digunakan untuk mengumpul data. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa secara keseluruhan, Ideal L2 Self dan Ought-to L2 Self pelajar Mandarin yang bukan penutur asli berada pada tahap yang tinggi, dan penerapan TBLT dalam kajian ini hanya melakukan perubahan yang sedikit pada Ideal L2 Self dan Ought-to L2 Self pelajar, yang menunjukkan motivasi belajar mereka. Selain itu, dapatan menunjukkan bahawa ada dua ancaman utama penerapan TBLT, yang mengganggu dapatan kajian ini, iaitu kekangan masa dan keperluan pengetahuan asas bahasa. Kajian ini mengimplikasikan bahawa reka bentuk kursus yang lebih teliti dan terperinci yang mempertimbangkan ancaman dalam pelaksanaan TBLT harus dilakukan untuk memastikan keberhasilan penerapan TBLT.

Keywords: Pengajaran Bahasa berasaskan Tugas; Ideal L2 Self, Ought-to L2 Self; Motivasi Pembelajaran; Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Mandarin sebagai Bahasa Asing.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPEN-2020-45.01-03

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