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Author Guidelines

Papers submitted for publication should describe high quality original work, not previously partially or fully published elsewhere.e-BANGI research areas are Social and Physical Environment, History, Politic & Strategy, Malay Language, Literature and Cultural Studies, Media & Communication, Psychology & Human Development, Language & Linguistic. Manuscripts must be submitted only in English or Bahasa Melayu and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology.
  1. General Document Guidelines
    • Margins: One inch on all sides (top, bottom, left, right)
    • Font Size and Type: 12-pt. Times New Roman font
    • Line Spacing: single throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document, references, appendixes, footnotes, tables, and figures.
    • Paragraph Indentation: 10-12 spaces.
    • Pagination: The page number appears center and bottom of the page. Please follow as per published ib e-BANGI
  2. Title
    • Font size: Manuscripts must be typed with a font Times New Roman of 12 pt. in the compatible MS-word format. (.doc and .docx are accepted).
    • Paper Size and Margins: Manuscripts must be prepared in a size A4 (i.e. 210 x 297 mm) with 2.5 cm (1 inch) margins on all four sides.
    • Paper Title: Uppercase letters, centered on the page.
    • Author(s): Titlecase letters, centered on the line following the title.
    • Institutional affiliation: Titlecase letters, centered on the line following the author(s).
    • Title in Bahasa Melayu must be by-language Bahasa Melayu-English
  3. Abstract
    • Paragraph: The abstract is a one-paragraph, self-contained summary of the most important elements of the paper.
    • Format: The abstract (in block format) begins on the line following the Abstract heading. The abstract word limit is set by individual journals. Typically, the word limit is between 150 and 250 words. All numbers in the abstract (except those beginning a sentence) should be typed as digits rather than words.
    • Keywords: Provide at least FIVE (5) keywords
    • Abstract and keywords in Bahasa Melayu must be by-language Bahasa Melayu-English
  4. Body
    • Font Size and Type: 12-pt. Times New Roman font.
    • Line Spacing: single throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document, references, appendixes, footnotes, tables, and figures.
    • Paragraph Indentation: 10-12 spaces.
  5. Text citations
    • In APA style, in-text citations are placed within sentences and paragraphs so that it is clear what information is being quoted or paraphrased and whose information is being cited.
        Examples: (Simon 1945) or (Leiter & Maslach 1998).
  6. References
    • All sources included in the References section must be cited in the body of the paper (and all sources cited in the paper must be included in the References section). 

      A. Format: The references (with hanging indent) begin on the line following the References heading. Entries are organized alphabetically by surnames of first authors. Most reference entries have the following components:
      1. Authors: Authors are listed in the same order as specified in the source, using surnames and initials. Commas separate all authors. When there are eight or more authors, list the first six authors followed by three ellipses (...) and then the final author. If no author is identified, the title of the document begins the reference.

      2. Year of Publication: In parentheses following authors, with a period following the closing parenthesis. If no publication date is identified, use "n.d." in parentheses following the authors.

      3. Source Reference: Includes title, journal, volume, pages (for journal article) or title, city of publication, publisher (for book). Italicize titles of books, titles of periodicals, and periodical volume numbers.

      B. Examples of sources
      1. Journal article
        Koenig, H. G. 1990. Research on religion and mental health in later life: A review and commentary. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 23-53.

      2. Book
        Paloutzian, R. F. (1996). Invitation to the psychology of religion (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. 

      3. Article or chapter in an edited book
        Shea, J. D. (1992). Religion and sexual adjustment. In J. F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and mental health (pp. 70-84). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

      4. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
        American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
  7. Tables
    • A common use of tables is to present quantitative data or the results of statistical analyses (such as ANOVA). See the Publication Manual (2010, pp. 128-150) for detailed examples. Tables must be mentioned in the text. 
      A. Heading: "Table 1" (or 2 or 3, etc.).
  8. Figures
    • A common use of Figures is to present graphs, photographs, or other illustrations (other than tables).
      A. Figure Caption: "Figure 1." (or 2 or 3, etc.)


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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