منهج السلفية المعاصرين في العقيدة (Contemporary Salafi Method in 'Aqidah)

Mohammed 'Abdulhameed Sleibi, Abdull Rahman Mahmood, Indriaty Ismail, Zul'azmi Yaakob

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Salafi has emerged as a new school of thought in the modern era. They are alleged to be propagating the Muslims of returning to the belief of the so-called salaf al-salih (the pious of the past) from the Prophet’s Companions and their successors in the matter of `aqidah using method that claimed to be true compared to methods used by other Islam’s school of thoughts. However, their claim for the use of such method has been objected by the ulama of Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jamaah. As the method used by this group in understanding the teachings of Islam has negative impact on the Muslim society, an objective study in recognising the method of this new school of thought is needed in warranting the extent of its compatibility with the method of the Salaf ulama. Hence, this study will employ deductive method in assembling ideas and statements made by contemporary Salafi ulama. These ideas will be analysed critically and then compared to the ulama Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jamaah’s views. The result of the study shows that the Salafi method has its root from the 3rd Hijrah school of thought. It also shows that the method is in contrast with the method of the Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jamaah as explicated by the Muslim ulama. The dissemination of this school of thought among the Muslim society has raised distorted understanding and conflict among Muslim youth especially with regard to furu` (the branch of religion) issues related to discourse in `aqidah.

ABSTRAK

Salafi telah muncul sebagai pemikiran baru dalam era moden. Mereka dikatakan menyeru umat Islam agar kembali kepada kepercayaan salaf al-salih. Seperti yang diajar oleh Nabi dan para sahabat baginda terutama dalam isu aqidah. Mereka mendakwa bahawa kaedah mereka adalah lebih tepat berbanding dengan kaedah daripada disiplin pemikiranyang lain. Walau bagaimanapun, tuntutan mereka untuk menggunakan kaedah tersebut telah dibantah oleh ulama Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jamaah. Kaedah yang digunakan oleh kumpulan ini dalam memahami ajaran tersebut memberi kesan negatif terhadap masyarakat Islam. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk mengenali disiplin pemikiran baru dan melihat sejauh mana keserasiannya dengan kaedah ulama Salaf . Oleh itu, kajian ini akan menggunakan kaedah deduktif dalam penyusunan idea yang dibuat oleh ulama Salafi kontemporari. Idea-idea ini akan dianalisis dengan kritikal dan dibandingkan dengan pandangan ulama Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jamaah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa kaedah Salafi mempunyai kesinambungan daripada disiplin pemikiran kurun ke-3 hijrah. Kaedah ini berbeza dengan kaedah Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jamaah seperti yang dijelaskan oleh ulama Islam. Penyebaran pemikiran ini dikalangan masyarakat muslim telah menimbulkan pelbagai kefahaman dan konflik dalam kalangan umat muslim terutamanya berkaitan dengan furu` hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan aqidah.


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