SEJARAH DIALOG ANTARA AGAMA DI MALAYSIA (A History of Interfaith Dialogue in Malaysia)

Ahmad Faizuddin Ramli

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Pembudayaan amalan dialog antara agama dalam tamadun Alam Melayu bermula sejak kurun ke-2 dan menjadi signifikan pada kurun ke-15 melalui aktiviti perdagangan yang menghasilkan interaksi antara masyarakat. Pada peringkat awal, amalan dialog yang berlangsung adalah berbentuk dialog kehidupan dan pembudayaannya masih berlangsung hingga ke hari ini dalam pelbagai bentuk. Justeru, artikel ini membincangkan sejarah amalan dialog antara agama di Malaysia. Reka bentuk kajian ini bersifat kualitatif dengan menggunakan kajian kepustakaan dan pendekatan sejarah. Dapatan mendapati bahawa amalan dialog di Malaysia telah bermula sejak kurun ke-18 melalui aktiviti perdagangan dan harian masyarakat. Ketika ini bentuk amalan dialog bersifat tidak formal. Manakala pasca kemerdekaan, amalan dialog yang dibudayakan dalam bentuk yang lebih formal melalui penubuhan Pure Life Society, terkubur rentetan Peristiwa 13 Mei 1969. Usaha untuk membudayakan amalan dialog kembali aktif khususnya pasca 1970 oleh beberapa NGO sebagai tindak balas daripada gelombang Islamisasi yang melanda negara ini.

ABSTRACT
The enculturation of inter-religious dialogue in the Malay civilization began in the 2nd century and became significant in the 15th century through trade activities that promoted interaction among societies. In the initial stage, the first dialogue occurred in the form of Dialogue of Life and the enculturation still ongoing to this day in various forms. Hence, this article discusses the history of inter-religious dialogue practices in Malaysia. The design of this study is qualitative using library research and historical approaches. The findings show that the practice of inter-religious dialogue in Malaysia started in the 18th century, through trade and community daily activities. During this period, the form of dialogue practice is informal, while postindependence, it has been organized informal form through the establishment of the Pure Life Society but was buried in a series of May 13, 1969 tragedy. The initiation to enculture the inter-religious dialogue being actively after the 1970s by certain NGOs in response to the wave of Islamism and Islamic resurgence that occurred in this country.


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