PENGETAHUAN DAN KEFAHAMAN PELAJAR KOLEJ TERHADAP NIAT BUNUH DIRI (Knowledge and Understanding of College Students on the Intention to Commit Suicide)

Siti Norma Aisyah Malkan@Molkan, Salleh Amat

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Niat bunuh diri merupakan pemikiran atau keinginan seseorang untuk menamatkan nyawanya. Kajian ini bertujuan melihat pengetahuan dan kefahaman pelajar sesebuah kolej terhadap niat bunuh diri. Kajian ini merupakan kajian kualitatif dengan menggunakan kaedah temu bual bagi mengumpul maklumat yang dikehendaki. Kajian ini melibatkan tujuh orang responden yang dikenal pasti pernah mempunyai keinginan untuk bunuh diri melalui borang maklumat profil peribadi pelajar. Data kualitatif yang diperoleh melalui temu bual dianalisis menggunakan perisian NVivo8. Hasil kajian menunjukkan responden mempunyai pengetahuan dan kefahaman tentang niat bunuh diri dan niat tersebut wujud dalam diri responden sejak zaman persekolahan lagi. Dapatan kajian secara umumnya menunjukkan faktor tekanan luaran dan dalaman menyebabkan responden mempunyai niat bunuh diri. Walau bagaimanapun responden tidak bersetuju dengan tingkah laku bunuh diri itu sendiri. Dapatan kajian ini juga mendapati kesemua responden mempunyai cara penyelesaian masalah yang tersendiri apabila berhadapan dengan masalah yang menyebabkan mereka terfikir untuk bunuh diri. Kefahaman ini juga penting bagi para kaunselor agar proses pencegahan dapat dilakukan bagi membantu pelajar kolej yang berpotensi untuk mengambil jalan mudah bagi menyelesaikan masalahnya.

ABSTRACT

Suicidal intent is a thought or a desire to end one’s own life. This study investigates the knowledge and understanding of college students on the intention to commit suicide. This qualitative study used interviews to gather the required information. Seven students who had been identified as having a desire to commit suicide through a personal profile form participated in this study. Data collected was analyzed by NVivo8 software. The findings showed that respondents had knowledge and understanding of the intent to commit suicide. They also indicated that the intention to commit suicide exists since when they were in secondary schools. In general, this study found that the external and internal stress factors encouraged the respondents to have the intention to commit suicide. The study also found that respondents had negative attitudes toward suicidal behavior. Respondents also reported that they had their own solutions when dealing with problems. This understanding could help counselors to plan strategies in helping college students to deal with their problems and to prevent them from committing suicide to solve their problems.



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